The diversity and abundance of native bees on a farm, and subsequently their ability to serve as crop pollinators, are strongly influenced by two factors: suitable habitat on the farm and in the surrounding landscape, and pesticide use on the farm. The basic habitat needs of native pollinators in any location are the same – nesting or egg-laying sites, flowers on which to forage, secure overwintering sites, and a refuge from pesticides. We engage in education, outreach, research, advocacy and policy to achieve pollinator conservation across North America.

Fully Belly Farm in CA by Mace Vaughan

How to Farm for Pollinators


Learning How to Farm for Bees

Watch Xerces’ staff in these videos on how to farm for pollinators, and learn about the important role they can play in crop production.

Native Bee Conservation 101


Mace Vaughan, Conservation Director of the Xerces Society, gave a lecture on

Illustration by Andrew Holder.

Know the Habitat on your Farm

In order to farm for crop pollinators, it is important to know the habitat on your farm. Native bees need both food and shelter-they eat only pollen and nectar and they nest in tunnels or in the ground. In the …

Bumble bee on echinacea by Jennifer Hopwood.

Enhancing Habitat for Bees

Bumble Bee on echinacea by Jennifer Hopwood

There are simple and inexpensive things you can do to increase the number of native bees living on your land. Any work you do on behalf of pollinators will support other beneficial insects and wildlife. Below, you will find information …


Pollinator Habitat Installation Guides

These regional guidelines provide in-depth practical guidance on how to install and maintain nectar and pollen habitat for bees in the form of wildflower meadow plantings or linear rows of native flowering shrubs. Seed mixes and plant recommendations for each …

ARS USDA image gallery

Managing Pesticides to Protect Bees


Avoiding pesticide use is the best option for conserving pollinators. Most insecticides (and a handful of fungicides and herbicides) can kill bees directly or have sublethal effects that reduce the number of offspring a female bee can produce.

When pesticides …


NRCS Gateway

The USDA’s Natural Resource Conservation Service (NRCS) and Farm Service Agency (FSA) provide financial and technical assistance to support conservation efforts for pollinators and other wildlife on farms. Conservation programs such as the Environmental Quality Incentives Program, Grasslands Reserve Program,

Project ICP-Logo-Color

Integrated Crop Pollination

Facing the decline of some bee populations, specialty-crop farmers are looking for new ways to ensure adequate pollination and profitable yields. Integrated Crop Pollination (ICP) is a concept that combines the use of managed pollinators (such as …

Jumping spider eating prey by Bryan Reynolds

Conservation Biological Control Resources

With the advent of chemical pesticides, the contributions of beneficial insects (those that prey upon or parasitize crop pests) were largely forgotten. However, pesticides alone have not solved the problem of crop pests. “Conservation Biological Control,” is a strategy that …


to protect invertebrates!


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Email us with your questions and comments about pollinator conservation.

Learn About Your Landscape:
Take Action!
Sign the Pledge!

Sign the pledge and take action to help protect pollinators and their essential habitats! Learn more.

Pollinator Conservation Resource Center

The Resource Center is where you can find regional information about plant lists, habitat conservation guides, and more. Learn more.

Pollinator Conservation Seed Mixes

Our partners in the native seed industry are offering specially designed, Xerces-approved wildflower seed mixes. Learn more.

Plant Milkweed Seed!

Milkweeds support monarch butterflies, native bees, honey bees, and other beneficial insects. Search for sources of milkweed seed now!

The Xerces Society • 628 NE Broadway Ste 200, Portland OR 97232 USA • tel 855.232.6639 • fax 503.233.6794 •
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