Pollinator Conservation Seed Mixes

Your purchase supports our pollinator conservation work.

The Xerces Society’s partners in the native seed industry are offering specially designed, Xerces-approved wildflower seed mixes that provide foraging and nesting resources for a diversity of pollinators. For details about species composition, recommended seeding rate, and how to contact the producer, please download the specification sheet for each seed mix.

If a recommended seed mix for your region is not featured on this page, we have not yet partnered with a regionally-based seed producer to design a mix. To search for a seed mix that is suitable for planting in your region, please visit the Pollinator Conservation Resource Center to browse the list of native pollinator plant nurseries by region, and then contact seed vendors to inquire about the availability of pollinator seed mixes that are composed of native wildflower species.

Also at our Pollinator Conservation Resource Center, you will find recommendations of plants that provide the best resources for bees and information on how to create and protect pollinator habitat in your region.


CALIFORNIA ALMOND ORCHARD SEED MIX

This seed mix is designed to provide pollen and nectar resources for pollinators in almond orchards, but can also be used in other orchard types (such as apples and stone fruits) and is an excellent nitrogen-fixing cover crop. The mix consists of early-blooming annual native wildflowers and non-native clover which provide excellent forage for both honey bees and native bees, before and after almond bloom. The species in this mix are low in stature, so should not increase the risk of frost damage during bud swell or bloom. Because the species are all annuals and are generally done blooming by late spring or early summer, they should be easy to clear away from the orchard floor in plenty of time for harvest. This mix is produced by S&S Seeds (Carpinteria, CA) and should grow in most orchard fruit-producing regions of California.

California Almond Orchard Seed Mix Specifications.

 

CALIFORNIA CENTRAL VALLEY NATIVE SEED MIX

Produced by Hedgerow Farms of Winters, California, this seed mix includes source-identified annual and perennial native wildflowers that provide high quality foraging resources for pollinators. This mix is appropriate for habitat restoration across California’s Central Valley. The design of this mix is a direct result of Xerces’ research collaborations with UC Berkeley and UC Davis. Native bunch grasses that provide nesting habitat for bumble bees and other beneficial insects are also available for inclusion in the mix.

California Central Valley Native Seed Mix Specifications.

 

CENTRAL COAST AND SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA CONSERVATION SEED MIX

Produced by S&S seeds in Carpinteria, California, this seed mix includes annual and perennial native wildflowers that provide high quality foraging resources for pollinators. This mix is appropriate for habitat restoration in California’s Central Coast and Southern regions. The design of this mix is a result of Xerces’ research collaborations with UC Berkeley, UC Davis and other conservation partners.

Central Coast and Southern California Conservation Seed Mix Specifications.

 

CENTRAL GREAT LAKES AND MIDWEST NATIVE SEED MIX


Produced by Cardno JF New Nursery, this mix includes high quality native perennial wildflowers that are highly attractive to pollinators, and appropriate for habitat restoration in Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Michigan, Mississippi, Missouri, and Ohio. The mix also includes one or more species of native bunch grass that provide nesting habitat for bumble bees and other beneficial insects.

Central Great Lakes and Midwest Native Seed Mix Specifications.

 

HIGH PLAINS NATIVE SEED MIX

This mix produced by Applewood Seed Company includes high quality native wildflowers that attract and support pollinators. Two or more species of native bunch grass are also included, to provide nesting habitat for bumble bees and other beneficial insects. This mix is appropriate for habitat restoration at elevations below 6,000 feet in southeastern Wyoming, southwestern South Dakota, western Nebraska, eastern Colorado, western Kansas, eastern New Mexico, western Oklahoma and northwestern Texas.

High Plains Native Seed Mix Specifications.

 

GARDEN & URBAN RECLAMATION SEED MIX


This mix is a good compromise of native and non-native pollinator plants where cost is an issue and native plant restoration is not the primary objective (such as urban gardens, vacant lots, orchard understory plantings, highly degraded brownfield sites, etc.). The included species are adaptable and will naturalize in most soil conditions and most regions of the U.S. This mix is offered through our partners at Environmental Seed Producers.

Garden & Urban Reclamation Seed Mix Specifications.

 

MID-ATLANTIC NATIVE SEED MIX


This mix produced by Ernst Conservation Seeds includes high quality native perennial wildflowers that are highly attractive to pollinators, and a native bunch grass that provides nesting habitat for bumble bees and other beneficial insects. This mix is suitable for habitat restoration in Delaware, Maryland, New Jersey, New York, northeastern North Carolina, Pennsylvania, and Virginia.

Mid-Atlantic Native Seed Mix Specifications.

 

NORTHEASTERN NATIVE SEED MIX


Produced by Ernst Conservation Seeds, this mix includes high quality native perennial wildflowers that are highly attractive to pollinators , and appropriate for habitat restoration in Connecticut, Massachusetts, Maine, northern New York, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont. Also included is a native bunch grass that provides nesting habitat for bumble bee and other beneficial insects.

Northeastern Native Seed Mix Specifications.

 

PENNSYLVANIA NATIVE SEED MIX


This mix produced by Ernst Conservation Seeds includes high quality native perennial wildflowers that are highly attractive to pollinators, and a native bunch grass that provides nesting habitat for bumble bees and other beneficial insects. This mix is suitable for habitat restoration in Pennsylvania.

Pennsylvania Native Seed Mix Specifications.

 

SOUTHERN ROCKY MOUNTAIN NATIVE SEED MIX


Produced by Applewood Seed Company, this mix features high quality native wildflowers that provide sources of pollen and/or nectar for pollinators. To provide nesting habitat for bumble bees and other beneficial insects, two or more species of bunch grass are also included in the mix. This mix is appropriate for habitat restoration in the Southern Rocky Mountains (elevations between 6,000 and 10,000 feet in Wyoming, Colorado & New Mexico).

Southern Rocky Mountain Native Seed Mix Specifications.

 

UPPER MIDWEST NATIVE SEED MIX

This mix developed by Minnesota Native Landscapes includes high quality native perennial wildflowers that are highly attractive to pollinators, and one or more species of native bunch grass that provide nesting habitat for bumble bees and other beneficial insects. This mix is appropriate for habitat restoration in Iowa, Minnesota, North Dakota, South Dakota, and Wisconsin. This mix is sold as “pure live seed” as opposed to “bulk seed” and is calculated at a robust seeding rate of 40 seeds per square foot, per acre.

Upper Midwest Native Seed Mix Specifications.

 

POLLINATOR-PALOOZA! (UPPER MISSISSIPPI RIVER VALLEY SEED MIX)

An all-out party for bees, butterflies, and other pollinators – designed for full sun to partial-shade sites with medium soils. This 3 to 5 foot tall mix boasts 45 native prairie species, including some not commonly available like late figwort and hairy mountain mint. This mix is highly appropriate for habitat restoration in Minnesota, Wisconsin, Illinois, and Iowa. Produced by Prairie Moon Nursery.

Upper Mississippi River Valley Seed Mix Specifications.

 

 

WESTERN GREAT LAKES NATIVE SEED MIXES

These mixes from Prairie Nursery include high quality annual and perennial wildflowers that provide pollinators with season-long sources of pollen and/or nectar. To provide nesting habitat for bumble bees and other beneficial insects, several species of bunch grass are also included. These mixes are appropriate for habitat restoration in Wisconsin, Illinois, Iowa, and Missouri. Separate mixes are available for sites with dry versus mesic soils.

 

Western Great Lakes Dry Soil Native Seed Mix.

Western Great Lakes Mesic Soil Native Seed Mix.

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ABOUT THE SEED MIXES
Regional seed mixes are locally produced in their respective regions by independent farmers, using local eco-type seed wherever possible. Seeds are not treated with pesticides, and are designed to include widely adapted, non-weedy species. Most species require full sun and average soil drainage. For extremely wet, dry, or shady conditions, please contact the respective nursery in your region for recommendations.   

Note that mixes are designed to include multiple blooming species throughout the entire growing season. Only wildflowers with extensive documented value to pollinators are included. Where appropriate, host plants for regionally important butterflies are included, along with bunch grasses to provide bumble bee nest habitat.



HOW MUCH SEED DO YOU NEED?
Seed mixes are sold based on planting area size. Depending on the region, and the species included in each mix, 1/4 to 1/3 lb. is required for each 1000 ft. For areas of 1/2 acre in size, 3 to 5 lb. of seed is required, and for areas of 1 acre in size, 3 to 10 lb. of seed is necessary. In general, this results in 20 to 40 seeds per square foot of planting area.



PLANTING DIRECTIONS
Successfully establishing large areas of wildflowers requires extensive site preparation to remove competing vegetation, especially perennial weeds. Often one to two years of additional follow-up are also required to control weeds in newly established plantings. For detailed information on wildflower establishment, browse the Conservation Guidelines for your region in the Pollinator Conservation Resource Center.



SEED MIXES FOR NRCS PROGRAMS
These seed mixes may meet the requirements for NRCS-administered private landowner conservation programs, such as the Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP), the Wildlife Habitat Incentives Program (WHIP), the Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP), and the Conservation Reserve Program (CRP). For cost-share approval, please consult your local NRCS Service Center prior to purchase.









PHOTO CREDITS
Sunflower bee (Svastra sp.) by Sarah Greenleaf, California State University, Sacramento

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