Red List of Butterflies and Moths

The table below provides a summary of the status and distribution of Xerces Society Red Listed butterflies of North America. Each species name links to a profile that includes detailed information on ecology and conservation. Below this table are links to recovery plans for butterfly species listed under the United States Endangered Species Act.

If you would like to use a table sorted by scientific name, please click here.

Common Name
Scientific Name
Red List Status
Canada
Mexico
USA
Alberta Fritillary Boloria alberta
V
AB, BC MT
Arogos Skipper Atrytone arogos
V
CH, CI AL, AR, CO, FL, GA, IA, IL, KS, MN, MO, MS, MT, NC, ND, NE, NJ, NY, OK, PA, SC, TX, WY
Bauer’s Dotted-Blue Euphilotes baueri
I
AZ, CA, NV
* Bay Checkerspot Euphydryas editha bayensis

CI

CA
Bay Skipper Euphyes bayensis V MS, TX
* Behren’s Silverspot Speyeria zerene behrensii
CI
CA
* Blackburn’s Sphinx Moth Manduca blackburni
CI
HI
Bog Elfin Callophrys lanoraieensis
V
NBM NS, ON, QC ME, NH, NY
Byssus Skipper Problema byssus
V
AL, AR, FL, GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, MO, MS, NC, OK, SC, TX, WI
* Callippe Silverspot Speyeria callippe callippe
CI
CA
* Carson Wandering Skipper Pseudocopaeodes eunus obscurus
CI
CA, NV
†  Dakota Skipper Hesperia dacotae
I
MB, SK IA, IL, MN, ND, SD
Desert Green Hairstreak Callophrys comstocki
I
AZ, CA, CO, NV, UT
Diana Fritillary Speyeria diana
V
AL, AR, GA, IN, KY, MO, NC, OH, OK, SC, TN, VA, WV
Dukes’ Skipper Euphyes dukesi
V
ON AL, AR, FL, GA, IL, IN, KY, LA, MI, MO, MS, NC, OH, SC, TX, VA
Early Hairstreak Erora laeta
V
NB, NS, ON, QC GA, KY, MA, MD, ME, MI, NC, NJ, NY, PA, TN, VA, VT, WI, WV
* El Segundo Blue Euphilotes battoides allyni
CI
CA
* Fender’s Blue Icaricia icarioides fenderi
CI
OR
†  Frosted Elfin Callophrys irus
I
ON AL, AR, CT, DC, DE, GA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME, MI, NC, NH, NJ, NY, OH, OK, PA, RI, SC, TN, TX, VA, WI, WV
Gillett’s Checkerspot Euphydryas gillettii
V
AB, BC ID, MT, UT, WY
Hessel’s Hairstreak Mitoura hesseli
V
AL, CT, DE, FL, GA, MA, MD, ME, NC, NH, NJ, NY, RI, SC, VA
Huachuca Giant-Skipper Agathymus evansi
I
SO, CH, CI AZ
†  Island Marble Euchloe ausonides insulana
CI
WA
* †  Karner blue Lycaeides melissa samuelis
CI
ON IL, IN, MI, MN, NH, NY, OH, WI
* Kern Primrose Sphinx Moth Euproserpinus euterpe
CI
CA
King’s Hairstreak Satyrium kingi  V AL, AR, DE, FL, GA, MD, MS, NC, TX, VA
* Laguna Mountains Skipper Pyrgus ruralis lagunae
CI
CA
* Lange’s Metalmark Apodemia mormo langei
CI
CA
Linda’s Roadside-Skipper Amblyscirtes linda
V
AR, IL, KS, MO, OK, TN
* Lotis Blue Lycaeides idas lotis
CI (PE)
CA
MacNeil’s Saltbush Sootywing Hesperopsis gracielae
V
BN, BS AZ, CA, NV, UT
Manfreda Giant-Skipper Stallingsia maculosus
I
NL, ? TX
Mardon Skipper Polites mardon
I
CA, OR WA
Mary’s Giant-Skipper Agathymus mariae (complex inc. gilberti)
DD
CH, CI NM, TX
Miami Blue Cyclargus thomasi bethunebakeri
CI
FL
* Mission Blue Icaricia icarioides missionensis
CI
CA
* Mitchell’s Satyr Neonympha mitchellii mitchellii
CI
IN, MI, OH
Mojave Dotted-Blue Euphilotes mojave
I
BN AZ, CA, NV, UT
* Myrtle’s Silverspot Speyeria zerene myrtleae
CI
CA
Northern Metalmark Calephelis borealis
V
AR, CT, IL, IN, KY, MD, MO, NJ, NY, OH, OK, PA, VA, WV
* Oregon Silverspot Speyeria zerene hippolyta
CI
OR, WA
†  Ottoe Skipper Hesperia ottoe
V
MB CO, IA, IL, IN, KS,MI, MN, MO, MT, ND, NE, OK, SD, TX, WI, WY
Ozark Woodland Swallowtail Papilio joanae
V
AR, MO (KY?)
* Palos Verde Blue Glaucopsyche lygdamus palosverdesensis
CI
CA
* Pawnee Montane Skipper Hesperia leonardus montana
I
CO
Persius Duskywing Erynnis persius persius
I
ON CT, IN, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MO, NH, NJ, NY, PA, RI, VA, VT, WI
Poling’s Hairstreak Fixsenia [Satyrium] polingi
I
CI NM, TX
†  Poweshiek Skipperling Oarisma poweshiek
I
MB IA, IL, MI, MN, ND, SD, WI
* Quino Checkerspot Euphydryas editha quino
CI
BN CA
Rare Skipper Problema bulenta
I
DE, GA, MD, NC, NJ, SC, VA
Regal Fritillary Speyeria idalia
V
MB, ON AR, CO, CT, DC, DE, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MO, NC, ND, NE, NH, NJ, NY, OH, OK, PA, RI, SD, VA, VT, WI, WV, WY
Sacramento Mountains Checkerspot Euphydryas anicia cloudcrofti
CI
NM
* St. Francis’ Satyr Neonympha mitchellii francisci
CI
NC
* San Bruno Elfin Callophrys mossii bayensis
CI
CA
Scarce Streaky-Skipper Celotes limpia
V
CI TX
* Schaus Swallowtail Heraclides aristodemus ponceanus
CI
FL
* Smith’s Blue Euphilotes enoptes smithi
CI
CA
†  Taylor’s Checkerspot Euphydryas editha taylori
CI
BC OR, WA
* Uncompahgre Fritillary Boloria acrocnema
CI
CO

* Species that are listed under the United States Endangered Species Act (ESA).

†  Species that are listed under Canada’s Species At Risk Act (SARA).

Recovery Plans
The following table provides direct links to final and draft recovery plans developed for butterflies listed on the United State’s Endangered Species Act.

Scientific Name
Common Name
Recovery Plan
Apodemia mormo langei Lange’s metalmark draft plan
Boloria acrocnema uncompahgre fritillary completed plan
Euphilotes battoides allyni el segundo blue completed plan
Euphilotes enoptes smithi Smith’s blue draft plan
Euphydryas editha bayensis bay checkerspot completed multispecies recovery plan
Euphydryas edita quino
quino checkerspot draft plan
Euproserpinus euterpe
Kern primrose sphinx moth draft plan
Heraclides aristodemus ponceanus
Schaus swallowtail completed plan
Hesperia leonardus montana
Pawnee montane skipper completed plan
Icaricia icarioides missionensis
Mission blue draft plan
Lycaeides idas lotis
lotis blue draft plan
Lycaeides melissa samuelis
karner blue completed plan
Manduca blackburni
Blackburn’s sphinx moth completed plan
Neonympha mitchellii francisci
St. Francis’ satyr completed plan
Neonympha mitchellii mitchellii
Mitchell’s satyr completed plan
Speyeria zerene hippolyta Oregon silverspot completed plan
Speyeria zerence myrtleae Myrtle’s silverspot completed multi-species plan
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