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5 Tips for Better Insect Photography

By Clay Bolt on 8. February 2016
Clay Bolt

As a natural history photographer who specializes in photographing insects and other small creatures, I sometimes wonder why everyone isn’t as obsessed with the little things in life as I am. When I peer through my camera’s viewfinder and look into the eyes of a jumping spider, or marvel at the amazing structure of a bee’s wing, I am transported into an incredible, miniature world that is more marvelous than anything that has crept onto the pages of a science-fiction novel.

I came to nature photography nearly 15 years ago with a life-long fascination with the natural world. And while I had some understanding of the animals that I was photographing—ermmm… attempting to photograph—the process of actually making decent images of them proved to be quite a challenge. Not only did my subjects object to sitting still for very long, but they were also shiny, or nocturnal, or very shy when approached by a bumbling giant with a serious lack of photographic know-how.

After countless hours of practice and research I was able to finally get past those early frustrations and actually make a career out of documenting the natural world. Along the way, I’ve picked up some helpful tips that have made my experience documenting insects and other types of wildlife much more enjoyable and successful. Many of the tips I like to share with new photographers have little to do with gear, and more to do with increasing your understanding of your subject matter. Here are a few of my favorites!


1. Become a better naturalist

I realize that you’re probably thinking to yourself, “What about flashes and a snazzy new tripod?”

Well, we’ll get to that in a moment, but first things first. The most important tip that I can give you for improving your insect photography is to spend as much time as possible getting to know your subject. Most species have certain times of the day when they’re most active, seasons where they perform elaborate mating rituals, and preferred habitats. The more you understand these things, the greater the chances are that you’ll have successful images in your future. Can you imagine a sports photographer not understanding football or baseball? Understanding the rules of the game will better prepare you for capturing an amazing photo of that winning touchdown. This leads me to my second tip: Capture behavior!


A dragonfly with an orangish brown body and shiny, translucent wings perches on a bright green leaf above a creek in a lush forest.
An immature Widow Skimmer Dragonfly (Libellula luctuosa) rests by a creek on a cool morning in the mountains of South Carolina. (Photo © Clay Bolt /


2. Capture behavior for more interesting pictures

I love nature photos of all kinds: portraits, landscapes, you name it. However, the wildlife images that seem to capture the public’s imagination above all are those that feature dramatic action and behavior. In many ways, an incredible moment—frozen in time forever—is at the heart of what photography is all about. What’s more, although we all get lucky sometimes and come across a random, jaw-dropping moment, top nature photographers will tell you that to really capture special behavior requires months of planning and research, along with a whole lot of failed attempts, to pull off that truly spectacular image.


One bee with a shiny, green body perches atop a purple, daisy-like flower, while alnother bee with tan and black stripes hovers in the air nearby.
A Halictus sweat bee (Halictus poeyi) prepares to land on an aster next to a metallic green bee (Agapostemon splendens), South Carolina. (Photo © Clay Bolt /
Two damselflies (which look similar to dragonflies) stand in a line, their long bodies arched so that their legs (at front) and the tips of their tails both touch the ground. The left creature is blue with black stripes, and the one on the right is tan with black stripes.
Seepage dancers (Argia bipunctulata), laying eggs in cataract bog, Cleveland County, South Carolina. A fallen, Federally Listed, mountain sweet pitch pitcher plant (Sarracenia jonesii) lies in the background. (Photo © Clay Bolt /
This closeup shot of a bee inside a yellow tube (in a flower) shows this animal's big, black eyes looking directly at the camera.
A grass-carrying wasp (Isodontia sp.) rests for the evening in a nest that she is constructing in a yellow pitcher plant (Sarracenia flava) in The Nature Conservancy’s Green Swamp Preserve near Shallotte, North Carolina. Eventually the pitcher will be completely full of grass and crickets that she has provisioned for her young. This is potentially the first time that this behavior and view of an Isodontia species inside her nest has ever been recorded in an image. (Photo © Clay Bolt /


3. Don’t hit snooze

I’ll confess that I’m definitely NOT a morning person. I can stay up all night, but there is something about the sound of that morning alarm that makes me feel just… so… sleepy. To all you fellow snoozers: let go of those fading dreams and get outside. Early morning is the perfect time to photograph insects that are normally difficult to approach. Insects are ectothermic, which for many species means they aren’t able to move about very much until after sunrise. A walk along a pond’s edge in early morning will likely reveal beautiful dew-covered dragonflies and other insects that you can walk right up to. To make a nice, sharp photograph, be sure to bring a tripod since you will likely need to take a long exposure to compensate for the low levels of morning light. Also, keep in mind that not long after the first rays of the morning sun hit your subject it will be flying or hopping away.


On a dew-studded stalk of grass with a green stem and pink seeds, a white insect stands atop the empty shell of its former exoskeleton. It has just molted.
Meadow katydid (Orchelimum sp.) molting in Clemson, South Carolina. (Photo © Clay Bolt /


4. Look them in the eye(s)

One of the best ways to create an image that your audience will connect with is to make eye contact with your subject through the lens.

This technique works in two important ways. First, it forces you to get on your subject’s level, which is essential when photographing small creatures. There are already too many photos of small creatures on the ground taken from the perspective of a standing person. I liken this to photographing street musicians in New York City from the top of the Empire State Building. No one would do this, and yet we find it acceptable with small creatures. Getting onto your subject’s level brings an entirely new perspective to the viewer and may make it possible for them to make a connection with the smaller species that we share our world with.

Second, if you can make it possible for the viewer to lock eyes with an insect or other small animal that they would typically dismiss, then maybe, just maybe, they’ll begin to think twice about using pesticides or other methods that are harmful to invertebrates. By making a subject into an individual, you may permanently alter the viewer’s perception of it.


On the right is a metallic green beetle with tan and black pincers, facing the camera. Its large, black, orb-like eyes are facing the camera. On the right is a tan praying mantis, with long arms and pale, round eyes, tilting its head to look at the camera.
Six-spotted tiger beetle (Cicindela sexguttata), left, and praying mantis (Mantis religiosa), right. (Photo © Clay Bolt /


5. Your friend, the flash

When I first began my journey into the world of nature photography, I was a purist. I only shot in available light, and that typically meant shooting in the early morning hours and just before sunset. It’s common knowledge that the light during these times of day is beautiful. The challenge lies in the reality that when you’re trying to capture insects in motion, you’re likely to be shooting all throughout the day and even into the night. Suddenly, those old rules about when to shoot go out of the window.

Adding flash photography to my toolkit was a real game-changer. It allowed me to shoot during any time of the day, create dramatic portraits, and freeze the motion of my subjects in mid-flight or mid-action. Fill flash is the best place to start if you’re interested in taking the plunge. This is the process of adding just enough light into the scene to fill in the shadows and freeze the motion. Rather than becoming overwhelmed by how much flash to add into a shot, think of it like cooking; you start with your basic ingredient—natural light—and from there, add one flash at a time to taste. Once you start shooting with flash, your biggest question will be, why didn’t I do this sooner?


A dark brown beetle spreads its wings as it clings to a branch. There are two bright green spots glowing above each wing and just below its head.
(Photo © Clay Bolt /
Amid fluffy, yellow flowers, a fuzzy bumble bee with yellow and black stripes takes flight.
The common eastern bumble bee (Bombus impatiens) is a species that appears to be expanding its range while some others are in decline. Photographed in Madison, WI. (Photo © Clay Bolt /


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